Hypothyroidism and Anemia
Anemia is diagnosed in 20-60% of patients with hypothyroidism and is often
the first sign of hypothyroidism. Diagnosis of hypothyroidism should be
considered in every case of anemia with uncertain etiology because
sometimes signs of overt hypothyroidism needn’t necessarily be evident.
According to the National Heart, Lung, And Blood Institute, anemia is
the most common blood disorder affecting more than 3 million Americans.
Our red blood cells carry an iron-rich protein called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin attaches to oxygen in our lungs and delivers it through the blood to tissues throughout our body.
Having a thyroid disorder puts you at greater risk of developing anemia along with these other chronic conditions:
•Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) •Cancer •Liver disease •Kidney disease •Autoimmune disease, About half the people who develop Lupus, for instance, have anemia •Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
There are several different routes by which hypothyroidism can cause anemia.
I) Low stomach acid (Hypochlohydria)
II) Autoimmune destruction of a compound in the stomach lining
III) Excessive menstrual bleeding